Hand pain is characterized by distress in the joints and tissues of the hand or fingers. It can be depicted as pulsating, aching, increased warmth, prickling, irritation, and inflexibility. The hand is composed of nerves, bones, blood vessels, muscles, tendons, and skin. Each part has its specific function such as nerves transfer sensation, joints control movements, blood vessels maintain circulation, muscles provides motion, tendons anchor the muscles to the bones and skin receives sensations. Injury or inflammation of any of these structures, due to a disorder or disease condition, may produce hand pain.
There are many causes of hand pain; the following listed below are several common causes:
de Quervain’s syndrome is a condition that affects the tendons on the thumb side of the wrist. Patients with de Quervain’s syndrome will experience pain from motion of the hand and wrist, especially with forceful twisting and grasping. Symptoms include pain and swelling near the base of the thumb, difficulty moving the thumb and wrist, and pain while grasping or pinching. If goes untreated for too long, the pain may spread further into the thumb, forearm, or both.
Trigger Finger is a condition in which one of the fingers, most commonly the thumb, middle, or ring finger, is stuck in a bent position. The finger may straighten with a snap, like a trigger being pulled and released. If it is severe, the finger may become locked in a bent position. The condition is more common in women and people with diabetes, and people whose work or hobbies include repetitive twisting or gripping have a higher risk of developing trigger finger.
Treatment depends on the severity of the pain and disability. Treatments include: