Peripheral neuropathy is a condition characterized by damaged nerves that cause pain. When this condition affects one nerve, it is called mononeuropathy; when several nerves are affected, it is polyneuropathy; and when 2 or more nerves are involved in different areas, it is termed as multiple mononeuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy is a comparatively common disease that usually affects older people.
- Alcoholism, which can lead to vitamin deficiencies.
- Infections, such as Lyme disease, shingles, Epstein-Barr virus, hepatitis C and HIV.
- Exposure to poisons or toxic material.
- Trauma or pressure to the nerve. These include motor vehicle accidents, sports injuries, or falls, which can sever or damage peripheral nerves.
- Vitamin B deficiencies.
- Diseases, such as bone marrow disorders, kidney disease, liver disease, and autoimmune diseases.
- Sharp, jabbing, throbbing, freezing or burning pain
- Numbness, prickling, or tingling sensation in hands or feet
- Lack of coordination
- Sensitivity to touch